5th Grade Unit 1 Characteristics of Numbers
Essential Questions
• What relationships do you notice between a number and its factors?
• How are multiplication and division related? • What makes a number odd? What makes a number even? • What patterns do you notice when computing with odd and even numbers? 
Learning Outcomes
At the end of this unit, students should be able to:
• Identify and describe the characteristics of prime and composite numbers (less than or equal to 100) • Identify and describe the characteristics of even and odd numbers 
Unit 1 Vocabulary
Even
Odd 
Prime
Composite 
Even and Odd 
Even numbers always have a partner. Odd numbers will always have one left over.

Rules for Even and Odd 
Plug in an even or odd number to the chart below to prove the rule. These RULES will always be true.

Skill Practice for Even and Odd
Prime and Composite Numbers
Skill Practice for Prime and Composite
Unit 3

MTH.G5.4 Create and solve singlestep and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with and without remainders of whole numbers (PRS 2)
MTH.G5.7 Evaluate whole number numerical expressions, using the order of operations limited to parentheses, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division (PRS 2) MTH.G5.19 Investigate and recognize the distributive property of multiplication over addition (PRS 6) 